Common Terms Any Septic Tank Owner Should Know
We know that sometimes owning a septic tank can be a daunting task, especially if it’s the first time you’ve ever owned one. You may find you need to be a little more careful about what goes down the drain or how fresh the air smells just outside. You can rest assured that Bishop-Thiem Septic Services will be available to answer all of your questions and respond to all of your concerns, but sometimes it helps to know how to speak the septic language. Whether you’re a newcomer or a veteran to the septic world, it’s never too late to learn a few common septic tank terms that are certain to help you better understand your system.
Diverter Valve: a valve that is used to redirect waste from one drain field to another.
Breakout: the event of a septic effluent surfacing on a property’s lawn or in nearby ponds and streams, as a result of septic system failure or overload.
Inspection Report: a report that may be requested to assess the condition of a property’s septic system.
Drainfield: an area in which perforated piping is laid in draining, rock-packed trenches for the purpose of distributing effluent from wastewater.
Distribution Box: a box designed to uniformly distribute sewage to the absorption area.
Sewage Effluent: the clarified, partially treated liquid that leaves a septic tank and enters an absorption system for further treatment and disposal.
Float Switch: a device that can be used to detect the level of liquid present within a septic tank.
Perk (Percolation): the movement of water through the pores of a soil or another porous medium.
Biomat: a bacterial slime layer in the soil below the leechfield and around other wastewater disposal systems.
Retention Time: the length of time that septic effluent remains in the septic tank before moving out for treatment or absorption.
Soil Investigation: a detailed description of soil characteristics providing information on the soil’s capacity to act as an acceptable treatment and disposal medium for sewage.
Wastewater: water-carried human excrement from a property.
Lid and Riser: a concrete or plastic pipe that runs vertically from the top of a septic tank to ground level, which is also secured by a covering lid.
Lift Station: a device used to pump wastewater or sewage from a lower level to a higher level when the gradient of the area does not allow for a more natural flow through gravity.
Of course, there are plenty more terms out there for you to familiarize yourself with. Simply by calling Bishop-Thiem Septic Services, you might even learn a few more!